Calculating overtime pay for non-exempt employees sounds so simple. Common folklore says you simply count the hours the employee works beyond 40 hours a week. Then you multiply that by 1.5 times their hourly pay rate and you’re done, right? Not so fast. The truth is that overtime rules and the mathematics required to arrive at the correct calculation can be extremely tricky. Overtime under the Fair LaborStandards Act is based on a unique term, created in 1938, known as the regular rate of pay. And calculating the regular rate of pay is more complex than it appears. What’s included in the calculation?
The reasonable cost of meals, lodging, nondiscretionary bonuses, commissions, on-call pay, shift differentials, cash benefit payments from Section 125 Cafeteria Plans, and the list goes on… And that’s just computing the regular rate – we haven’t even touched overtime yet! For example, when a bonus must be included in calculating the rate what overtime does it apply to? When the bonus is paid or when the bonus was earned? What if the bonus spans a long period of time such as a quarter or a full year?
Then what happens if you get it wrong? Nobody pays attention, do they? According to the Department of Labor, they collected more than $230 million in back wages for more than 190,000 workers in FY 2021 alone. Of that amount collected, $138 million was for back overtime.
Penalties for overtime violations can be severe with the possibility of fines, imprisonment, or both! Add civil suits to the mix and the results can be devastating to any business no matter how large or small! And just to make it interesting, most states use the same definition to calculate overtime as the FLSA does. So, one error can earn you double the penalties.
Areas Covered in the Training
-What is the definition of overtime under the FLSA-- it's not what most people think
-What is the Portal-to-Portal Act and how does it affect overtime
-How to calculate the regular rate of pay
-Tracking hours worked and the use of rounding practices
-The eight narrowly construed exceptions to inclusion of payments in the regular rate
-When you must include a bonus in calculating your employee’s overtime pay
-What is the overtime premium and how is it calculated
-How to calculate overtime if a bonus covers more than one workweek
-Using the weighted average method to calculate overtime when and where it must be done
-When and how to use the “fluctuating workweek”
-When can the “alternate” method of calculating overtime be used
-This Program, ID No. 596875, has been approved for 1.50 HR (General) recertification credit hours toward aPHR™, aPHRi™, PHR®, PHRca®, SPHR®, GPHR®, PHRi™, and SPHRi™ recertification through HR Certification Institute®? (HRCI®).
-This program is valid for 1.5 PDCs for the SHRM-CPSM or SHRM-SCPSM. For more information about certification or recertification, please portal.shrm.org.
Duration – 90 Minutes
-Payroll Executives/ Managers/ Administrators/ Professionals/ Practitioners/ Entry Level Personnel
-Human Resources Executives/ Managers/Administrators
-Business Owners/ Executive Officers/ Operations and Departmental Managers
-Attorneys/ Legal Professionals
-Any individual or entity that must deal with the complexities and requirements of Payroll compliance issues
You may ask your Question directly to our expert during the Q&A session.
Vicki M. Lambert, CPP,
is President and Academic Director of The Payroll Advisor™, a firm specializing
in payroll education and training.
With nearly 40 years of hands-on experience in all facets of payroll
functions as well as over three decades as a trainer and author, Ms. Lambert
has become the most sought-after and respected voice in the practice and
management of payroll issues. She has
conducted open market training seminars on payroll issues across the United
States that have been attended by executives and professionals from some of the
most prestigious firms in business today.
A pioneer in electronic and online education, Ms.
Lambert produces and presents payroll-related audio seminars, webinars, and
webcasts for clients, APA chapters, and business groups throughout the country.
Ms. Lambert is an adjunct faculty member at Brandman University in Southern
California and is the creator of and instructor for their Practical Payroll
Online program, which is approved for recertification hours by the APA. She is
also the instructor for the American Payroll Association’s “PayTrain” online program
also offered by Brandman University.
Clatid is recognized by SHRM to offer Professional Development Credits (PDCs) for the SHRM-CPSM or SHRM-SCPSM. This program is valid for 1.5 PDCs for the SHRM-CPSM or SHRM-SCPSM. For more information about certification or recertification, please portal.shrm.org.
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